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Glühwein – German Mulled Wine from Christmas Markets

German Glühwein - Mulled Wine - Recipe

Glühwein is the name for our German mulled wine that one can buy at the Christmas market to stay warm. There are hundreds of different recipes but this one is my favorite and many people agree that it is the best.

Video: How to make Glühwein

Which Wine is best for Glühwein / Mulled Wine?

In general, all wines that are dry or semi-dry are suitable for Glühwein. What really matters is, that your wine has a certain quality. That doesn’t mean that it has to be overly expensive but it should at least have a glass bottle and preferably a real cork.

It is usually advised to use a wine with not more than 12.5% if you want to add some alcohol with higher percentage like rum later. I am not using such and that is why I have used a wine with 13.5% in my video.

Sweet wines are too difficult to adjust with the amount of sugar for the recipe, for that reason they are usually not used in Glühwein. A fruity taste though is great with my recipe.

The wine should be low on tannins and not ripened in an oak barrel (Barrique). A lower acid is also better for the taste.

Mulled Wine Recipe

Here are some wines that have the desired characteristics and are often used in a German mulled wine:

  • Dornfelder
  • Pinot Noir
  • Trollinger
  • Regent
  • Valpolicella
  • Bardolino
  • Lemberger
  • Merlot
  • Montepulciano
  • Zweigelt


The wine I used in the video is a wine from Aldi. Now, you might wonder why I would buy a wine from a discounter after suggesting to use wine of good quality. Well, Aldi is a German company and has a very good reputation for really good wines at a reasonable price. The Intermingle is such good wine. Unfortunately, they don’t always carry it and when they have it, I buy several bottles. The price is somewhere around $8/bottle here in Texas. So, I have this wine on my shelf and though it is my favorite wine, it is not the ideal wine for Glühwein since it is rather young and has “firm tannins” which means it has a lot of tannins. I use it anyway, probably because I am not a wine expert and my tongue is not trained enough to be bothered by that.

The Intermingle is a mix of Zinfandel, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon. It is described as “bold, smooth, and fruity” and I can second that. On the part of fruitiness, it is a great fit with the Glühwein recipe.

What Spices for Glühwein / Mulled Wine?

There are some standard spieces that we always put into Glühwein like Star Anise, Cloves, and Cinnamon. Other spices that can go into a German mulled wine are:

  • Vanilla Bean
  • Ginger
  • Cardamom
  • Nutmeg or Macis
  • Coriander Seeds
  • Anise
  • Red Peppercorns
  • long pepper (pipli)
  • Allspice
  • Juniper Berries
  • Bay Leaf
  • Fennel Seeds

Some people put the spices into a teabag to make it easier to take them out later. There is also a spice mix sold in Germany in sachels as if it was tea: Glühfix and Glühwein Gewürz – while the second one of these two in my opinion is the better one.

Sachet of German Mulled Wine Spice

The Fruits

Some Orange and Lemon Flavor is the quite obvious secret of the fruity, fresh taste of our Gühwein. Always use organic fruits because you throw them in with their skin on it and you don’t want pesticides in your mulled wine!

In order to get as much of their fruity taste, it is best if you can boil your liquid for a while. Since it is not advisable to boil alcohol, my recipe comes up with a pretty neat workaround: I use grape juice as a base liquid, where I mix in all my ingredients and can boil it all together BEFORE I add the wine. That way I get all the great tastes of everything without losing the alcohol. Clever, huh?

And if you want an alcohol free mulled “wine” then you just stick to that without the wine or otherwise, if you want more alcohol, you simply add some rum or cognac, brandy, vodka, korn, … additional to the wine. I don’t do that though. Technically adding those turns the Glühwein into what is called “Punsch” (punch).

The fruits are removed bevor serving but it can be nice to decorate the drink with a slice of orange and a cinnamon stick.

The Sugar

In my recipe, I am using regular white sugar. You can also use brown sugar. If you feel like you want to add some more sweetness to your mulled wine, adding some honey is a great idea to give it a smooth sweetness.

How to make Glühwein - mulled wine

The Right Temperature for Glühwein / Mulled Wine

Alcohol evaporates at 78°C / 172°F and therefore it is a good idea to keep the temperature below that. I recommend a temperature slightly below 70°C / 158°F which is a good temperature to drink the mulled wine (careful though, that’s still hot!).

How to Glühwein on the Christmas Market

When you go to a German Christmas Market and want to get a good mug of Glühwein without the headache afterward, here is my advice:

Look for a wine in a good red color! If the color of the mulled wine is more like a rusty or brown color, it usually means that it has been kept warm for a longer period of time in an open pot and has oxidized – don’t drink that! There are usually several places to get Glühwein on a market, just look for a better one.

Glühwein /Gluehwein is German Mulled Wine

Effects of Glühwein

I don’t need to tell you how alcohol affects the body and mind, right? There is something though, that sets mulled wines aside from a glass of wine or other alcoholic drinks that are served cold. Since the wine is hot, it is absorbed by the body much faster. Blood circulation increases. Additionally, the sugar content also increases the absorption of the alcohol so you pretty soon feel the effects of that drink. Bottom line: You get more and faster drunk from mulled wine than from the same amount of wine just from the bottle.

To milden the effect of that, I would advise you to drink plenty of water and have a good meal before you go to the Christmas market or make a Glühwein at home. And though I might sound like your mom, the nurse in me needs to say it: Please don’t drink and drive! It’s not just your life at risk …

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German Mulled Wine called Glühwein - the recipe
Apple Mulled Wine Gluhwein
Try my Baked Apple Mulled Wine, too!
German Glühwein - Mulled Wine - Recipe

Glühwein – German Mulled Wine

4.70 from 13 votes
Prep Time 10 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Course Drink
Cuisine Austria, German
Servings 10


  • 1 bottle Red Wine (700 ml to 1 liter)
  • 1 Orange, organic
  • 1 Lemon, organic
  • 100 g Sugar
  • 500 ml Grape Juice
  • 5 Cloves, whole
  • 1 Bay Leaf
  • 1 Star Anise
  • 10 Juniper Berries
  • 1 stick Cinnamon


  • Pour the sugar into a large pot and heat it until the sugar melts.
  • Let the sugar caramelize until it is medium brown.
  • Add the grape juice – careful it will steam and be loud for a moment.
  • Stir for a minute to make sure the caramelized sugar dissolves in the juice.
  • Cut the orange and lemon into ⅛ and add all into the pot.
  • Also, add the spices.
  • Let this boil slightly for about 15 minutes, then reduce the heat.
  • Add the wine, make sure the temperature of the Glühwein doesn't exceed 70°C / 158°F.
  • Remove the fruits and spices.
  • Serve hot in a mug, maybe add some honey and stir with a stick of cinnamon.
  • Prost!
Keyword Christmas, sweet, vegetarian
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!

About The Author

10 thoughts on “Glühwein – German Mulled Wine from Christmas Markets”

  1. 5 stars
    Liebe Barbara,

    Vielmals haben wir Nürnberg zu Weihnachtszeit besucht und im Schlendern rundum den Christkindlesmarkt (bedauerlicherweise seit 2019 abgesagt) den Glühwein gekostet. Herzlichen Dank für das traditionelle Rezept! Noch eine Frage – Wenn man Apfelsaft statt Alkohol verwenden will, braucht man keinen Zucker, oder?

    Ganz nebenbei – kannst Du einen guten Lieferanten von Nürnberger Bratwürsten empfehlen? Mein Sohn, der seit vielen Jahren in Texas (Denton) wohnt, war mehrere Male mit mir dabei und erinnert sich noch an die Drei im Weckla, die fast jeden Tag seine Lieblingsspeise war!

    Malcolm (Wohnort Glasgow, Nürnbergs Schwesterstadt)

    1. Hi Malcom!
      If you are using apple juice instead, then I would definitely leave out or at least reduce the sugar because otherwise it might be too sweet. Did you check out my new apple mulled wine recipe? It might be interesting for you, too.
      I don’t actually know any delivery for Nürnberger but if you want to try making them yourself, there is a recipe & video on how to do that here on my blog. They taste very authentic. Here in Texas, sometimes Aldi has Nürnberger Bratwurst but they are definitely not the same quality.
      *lol* and I just realized that you wrote in German while I answered in English – haha.I’ll just leave it like this :-)

  2. Christine Barbara Taylor

    I made Gluehwein the other day with a different recipe which has strong black tea in it. One large tea bag added to the water for each bottle of wine. Orange and lemon juice, cinnamon sticks, and cloves are steeped in the water over night and my recipe says to never boil. It tastes just like Christmas Market Gluehwein.

    1. Hi Matt,
      I don’t know how to answer that. I don’t know the mix you are using and haven’t used a mix ever in my life. If the instructions are in German and you need someone to translate it, just send me a picture of the instructions and I will be happy help you.
      P.S. mail (@) mygerman.recipes

  3. 5 stars
    Ever since visiting Germany during the holidays a few years ago, I’ve been craving Glühwein. This recipe hit the spot! I made it for my family, and they all loved it too! Thanks so much! ?

  4. 5 stars
    Trust a German to explain in details all the steps and variations of a great recipe!
    I followed it precisely and it turned out fantastic!
    I love the tips on how to recognize the best gluhwein in a Christmas market!

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4.70 from 13 votes (8 ratings without comment)
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